Bioaccumulation of criii and crvi in the spent chrome liquor has resulted in a 7578% reduction of the initial cr content in 2436 h. The use of fungal biomass as a biosorbent for the removal of toxic and heavy metal ions from different industrial. Heavy metal biosorption is an efficient technology for the decontamination of metal from industrial waste water. Biosorption of cadmium using the fungus aspergillus niger scielo. Biosorption potency of aspergillus niger for removal of. Biosorption of heavy metals by candida albicans intechopen. Physicochemical and engineering aspects on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Study of microbial crvi reduction and identification of reduction. Biosorption of hexavalent chromium by aspergillus fumigatus s101 isolated from a coal mining environment satarupa dey1, swagata bhattacharya2, rajyasri ghosh2, shampa bhattacharyya2 1agricultural and ecological research unit, indian statistical institute, 203 barrackpore trunk road, kolkata 7000108, india.
First, the capacity of biosorption of heavy metals in dry cells of candida albicans was examined. Optimization of cr vi biosorption onto aspergillus niger using 3. Studies on biosorption of chromium ions from wastewater using biomass of aspergillus niger. Biosorption of chromium, copper, nickel and zinc ions onto. July 2007 colloids and surfaces a physicochemical and engineering aspects deepa prabhu. International journal of advanced research in biological sciences. Studies on biosorption of chromium ions from wastewater. Bioaccumulation and biosorption of chromium by aspergillus. At 4 mm initial metal concentration, chromium biosorption was 18. Pdf hexavalent chromium biosorption by dried biomass of. Biosorption of as iii by aspergillus niger x300 using complex nutrient medium. We analyzed the resistance to some heavy metals by dry weight and plate. The effects of biosorbent dosage, ph, contact time, temperature and initial concentration of crvi on its adsorption removal were examined in. Comparitive study on biosorption of hexavalent chromium.
In this study, biosorption of ni ii ions from aqueous solution by using biomass of aspergillus niger was investigated. Biosorption of as iii by aspergillus niger x300 using complex nutrient medium html full text. Biosorption by fungi a high percentage of cell wall material cell walls of fungi present a multilaminate architecture where up to 90% of their dry mass consists of amino or nonamino polysaccharides, shows excellent metal binding properties rhizopus, aspergillus, streptoverticillum and saccharomyces are fungi used. The mic minimum inhibitory concentration of the isolate against chromium and tannic acid was found to be 200 ppm and 5% respectively. Sorption experiments using the aspergillus niger fungus for cadmium removal were carried out to study the factors influencing and optimizing the biosorption of this metal. The pseudosecond order rate expression was also applied to the sorption of metal ions, dyes, and organic substances from aqueous solutions. Biosorption potency of aspergillus niger for removal of chromium vi authors. Chromium vi biosorption by immobilized aspergillus niger adsorbed to the biosorbent. Biosorption analyses aspergillus flavus and aspergillus niger biomass was. Aspergillus niger biosorption biosorption of chromium. Biosorption of heavy metals lead, chromium, cadmium, nickel, copper and zinc using isolates of filamentous fungus,aspergillus fumigatus was reported 11. Aspergillus niger, biosorption, hexavalent chromium, functional groups.
Hexavalent chromium biosorption by dried biomass of aspergillus niger nua101 isolated from indian ultramafic complex january 2015 african journal of microbiology research 94. Biosorption of lead using immobilized cells of aspergillus. Pdf biosorption of crvi onto marine aspergillus niger. Biosorption of copper from dye industry effluent using. Bacteria isolated from the tannery effluent were bacillus subtilis b. The results of the study indicated removal of more than 75% chromium by aspergillusniger determined by diphenylcarbazide colorimetric assay and atomic absorption spectrophotometry after 7 days. Though using biomass in environmental cleanup has been in practice for a while, scientists and engineers are. In the present experimental design, the removal of crvi from the aqueous solution was studied by aspergillus niger msr4 under different environmental conditions in. The potency of aspergillus niger was evaluated in shake flask culture by absorption of chromium at ph 6 and temperature 30c.
The biosorption of ni ii ions was highly ph dependent and the optimum ph for biosorption of ni ii ions was found to be 7. Biosorption of copper from dye industry effluent using aspergillus niger m. Kinetics and equilibrium studies on biosorption of. The removal of radionuclides, including uranium from water solutions that have been released as a result of human industrial activity mining industry, conversion facilities and enrichment factories, etc. The optimal concentration of chromium and temperature were found to be 126 ppm and 34 o c respectively. Biosorption of hexavalent chromium in a tannery industry. Biosorption of chromium from aqueous solutions by pretreated aspergillus niger. The objective of this work was to study the resistance and removal capacity of heavy metals by the fungus aspergillus niger. The dead biomass of aspergillus niger was studied as biosorbent for removing znii and crvi from wastewater.
This dried biomass was immobilized in caalginate beads. The influence of different experimental parametersinitial ph, adsorbent dose, initial concentration, contact time, shaking speed, temperature, and their combined effect. Application of biosorption for removal of heavy metals. The effects of ph, time, biomass concentration, and initial concentration of the heavy metal on the rate of. The simulation parameter revealed that the modeled values were in good agreement with simulated ones.
Different parameters such as initial ph, ni ii ions concentration, contact time and temperature were explored. Biosorption of copper ii from electroplating wastewaters by aspergillus terreus and its kinetics studies varshney r 1, bhadauria s 1 and gaur ms 2 1 microbiology research lab, department of botany, r. The present study was carried out in a batch system using dead biomass of marine aspergillus niger for the sorption of hgii. Biosorption of copper ii from electroplating wastewaters. Chromium vi biosorption by immobilized aspergillus niger.
Cr and zn biosorption by aspergillus niger springerlink. The biosorption characteristics of chromium vi ions were studied with respect to wellestablished effective parameters including initial metal ion concentration, ph, temperature and biosorbent dosage. Dharmalingam department of biotechnology vivekanandha college of engineeering for. Cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide ctab pretreatment exhibited maximum chromium removal. Biosorption of cadmium was investigated using the aspergillus niger fungus. Biosorption equilibrium was established in about 24 h. This study investigated the biosorption of lead, chromium and cadmium in tannery effluent using indigenous microorganisms. Considering all above factors together this paper discusses the efficient chromium biosorption process carried out by immobilized a.
The maximum % of chromium removal was found to be 71. This study involved the investigation of enhancement of chromium biosorption capacity of dead aspergillus niger fungal biomass by pretreatment and its use in a column mode. Biosorption of asiii by dead cells of aspergillus niger x. Biosorption is a promising alternative method to replace the existing conventional technique for crvi removal from the industrial effluent. Biosorption, uranium, pretreate d aspergillus niger, kinetic model. Among the other biosorbents, fungi have been proved as one of the efficient biosorbents for the sorption of toxic heavy metals.
However, reports on the equilibrium and thermodynamic studies on biosorption process are few. The potential of aspergillus niger mtcc 2594 to accumulate chromium as well as its biosorption capacity is investigated in this study. Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies on biosorption of hexavalent chromium by dead fungal biomass of marine aspergillus niger. Pdf kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies on. Aspergillus niger, biosorption, experimental planning. Biosorption of hexavalent chromium using aspergillus niger dead. Biosorption of as iii by aspergillus niger x300 using. Materials and methods fungal isolates the fungi, aspergillus niger and aspergillus parasiticus, used in this study were isolated from landfill and sludge samples obtained from the neital shoe factory and. Studies on biosorption of chromium ions from wastewater using. Bioremoval of different heavy metals by the resistant. The present study focused on exploration of aspergillus niger towards removal of crvi from aqueous solution.
Biosorption characteristics of aspergillus flavus biomass. Figure 5 shows the effect of incubation time and ph on the biosorption of 50 mgl of crvi by the biomass of a. Pdf cr and zn biosorption by aspergillus niger researchgate. Biosorption of as iii has some potential advantages over conventional chemical methods, like it has low operating. Biosorption of copper and lead by heavy metal resistant. Optimization of physiochemical parameters for biosorption of chromium and tannic. In the collected soil samples, the copper and lead mean concentration was 94. Request pdf biosorption of chromium, copper, nickel and zinc ions onto fungal pellets of aspergillus niger 405 from aqueous solutions fungal mycelium pellets of aspergillus niger 405 were used. Biosorption of lead, chromium and cadmium in tannery. Studies on biosorption of different metals by isolates of.
Department of biological sciences, sankrail abhoy charan high school h. Pdf biosorption of hexavalent chromium by aspergillus niger. Aspergillus niger, chromium, biosorbent, heavy metal pdf of. Biosorption of crvi from aqueous solution using dormant. Introduction the term biosorption is defined as a process in which solids of natural. Pdf biosorption potency of aspergillus niger for removal. Biosorption of inorganic mercury onto dead biomass of. The metal stripped biosorbent was rinsed with 50 ml double distilled water for 15 min for two times.
It was concluded that, aspergillus niger biomass is an effective sorbent material that most likely follows pseudosecondorder reaction rate and best described using langmuir isotherm model. Ability of pb biosorption with immobilized aspergillus niger biomass was premeditated in the present study. It was found that a higher removal, which is proportional to the biosorption, occurs at 2 days and at a ph of 1. Biosorption of uranium vi from aqueous solution by. The results of the study indicated removal of more than 75% chromium by aspergillus niger determined by diphenylcarbazide colorimetric assay. Journal of hazardous materials 146 2007 270277 biosorption of chromium and nickel by heavy metal resistant fungal and bacterial isolates shankar congeevarama.
Pretreatment of live cells of aspergillus niger was carried out. Comparitive study on biosorption of hexavalent chromium using aspergillus oryzae ncim 637 and aspergillus sojae ncim 1198 from electroplating effluent reya issac i, rajamehala m, lakshmi prabha m and emilin renitta r department of biotechnology, karunya university, coimbatore641114, tamil nadu, india. Biosorption of ni, cr and cd by metal tolerant aspergillus niger and penicillium sp. Uptake and reduction of hexavalent chromium by aspergillus. Pdf the removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution was studied in batch experiments using dead biomass of three different species of marine. Optimization of chromium and tannic acid bioremediation by.
For biosorption of cr by pretreated aspergillus niger the optimum ph was found to be 3. Read biosorption of chromium from aqueous solutions by pretreated aspergillus niger. In the light of these observations, studies on biosorption of cr vi to immobilized fungal biomass were carried out in the present study. Chromium biosorption aspergillus niger fungal strain mineral salt medium these keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. Biosorption of ni, cr and cd by metal tolerant aspergillus. Fungal strain aspergillus niger was isolated from effluent of chemical and pharmaceutical industry using sda agar. Bioadsorption of chromium by penicillium chrysogenum and. Comment on biosorption of cadmium using the fungus. Biosorption is one of the significant properties of both living and dead microorganisms and their components relevant for treatment of pollutants 12, 14. Enterobacter cloaceae rhizopus arrhizus, aspergillus niger.
This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. The surface characteristics of the biomass were evaluated based on the point of zero charge pzc, identification of adsorption sites and structure by scanning electron microscopy. Bacteria, fungi and seaweeds can be used to remove heavy metals and. Isotherm modelling, kinetic study and optimization of. Biosorption is a physiochemical process that occurs naturally in certain biomass which allows it to passively concentrate and bind contaminants onto its cellular structure. Optimization of crvi biosorption onto aspergillus niger. A pseudosecond order kinetic expression for the adsorption systems of divalent metal ions was developed using sphagnum moss peat. Biosorption of hexavalent chromium using aspergillus niger. Equilibrium data fitted well to the temkin and freundlich isotherms.1159 603 656 1249 88 443 1300 1277 323 329 919 88 953 174 882 955 648 1551 1375 1187 1245 209 627 162 1361 774 284 684 510 1329 308 9 348 600 634 757 1168 1054 927 124 842 126 1408 1366 1280 949